Julia Palmieri de Oliveira, Speaker at The effectiveness of the national strategy for HIV prevention in Brazil
Pontifical Catholic University of ParanĂ¡ , Brazil
Title : The effectiveness of the national strategy for HIV Prevention in Brazil

Abstract:

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is currently one of the greatest challenges relating to communicable diseases, given its high transmissibility and the absence of a cure. Since HIV became a pandemic, measures to restrain the virus are of global interest, with enormous efforts to find efficient ways to stop transmission and studies to discover a cure. In Brazil, the first case of the virus was identified in the 1980s. By 2021, there were more than a million reported cases of people living with HIV. Brazil has developed strategies as part of its public health policy to prevent HIV transmission throughout the population and reduce the comorbidities caused by the pathogen. These measures were named Combination Prevention and involved initiatives in biomedical, behavioural, and legislative areas. This research intends to discuss what these interventions were to demonstrate their effectiveness in the domestic context of the HIV pandemic. Peer-reviewed articles were drawn from the databases PubMed, Medline, and LILACS. In addition, official documents from the Brazilian Ministry of Health were consulted. Throughout the actions taken in the country, there were therapeutic treatment free of charge for every infected person regardless of his or her viral load; follow ups of pregnant women to avoid vertical transmission; preventive actions, such as the free distribution of condoms and lubricants; availability of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tests in the primary care units for the general public; as well as primary and secondary prophylaxis. These measures enabled Brazil to reduce the total number of people infected with HIV. In addition, it maximised the quantity of infected patients with a suppressed viral load and people under consistent treatment. Hence, the country managed to reduce morbidity and mortality of individuals living with the virus.

Biography:

Julia Palmieri de Oliveira studied International Relations at University Centre of Curitiba, Brazil and graduated in 2012. She then graduated in Social Sciences at Federal University of Paraná, Brazil in 2015. Currently, she is studying Medicine at Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Brazil and will graduate in 2025. She presented several researches in national and international conferences, including the 1st Edition of World Conference on Planetary Health of WONCA and Interleague Congress on Woman’s Health, which she won first place for her poster presentation. In July 2022, she took a Medical Practice Course at Oxford University, where she started her research on HIV prevention in Brazil.

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